In Australia women’s right to legal abortion is determined by state and territory law. Abortion laws in Australia were originally based on nineteenth century British criminal prohibitions.
In South Australia a reform was enacted in 1969 that stated where and by whom the procedure could be performed by, and for what reasons. The law in South Australia was revised to protect medical practitioners conducting abortions to preserve a woman’s physical or mental health or if a foetus was proven to be forming abnormally. They must be performed in hospitals and be approved by two medical practitioners.
Many women in South Australia did not feel the reform was enacted to protect their rights, and campaigned for choice without restrictions.
State Library of South Australia, PRG 1491/24/59